In 1630 a group of Puritan businessmen received a grant to create a colony between the Charles and Merrimack rivers and westward to the Pacific Ocean. Massachusetts was founded by John Winthrop. In 1630, he guided nearly 1,000 colonists to the New World. Their first stop before stopping at Plymouth was Salem and later moved to the Shawmut Peninsula which today is Boston. After the first year in Plymouth, most settlers died from harsh circumstances and around 200 died out of the first 1,000. Some of the major cities were Boston, Quincy, Plymouth, Salem, Lexington, and Concord.